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What Are the Risk Factors for Peripheral Artery Disease?

Monday, 29 March 2021 00:00

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a condition in which there is reduced circulation to the lower limbs. This occurs due to a buildup of plaque in the arteries, which causes them to narrow and harden, impeding blood flow to the lower legs, ankles, and feet. Certain factors can increase your risk of developing PAD. These include having high cholesterol, high blood pressure, a family history of diabetes or cardiovascular disease, and obesity. Certain lifestyle factors, such as smoking and physical inactivity may also contribute to this disease. For more information about PAD, please consult with a podiatrist. 

Peripheral artery disease can pose a serious risk to your health. It can increase the risk of stroke and heart attack. If you have symptoms of peripheral artery disease, consult with Cynthia Ferrelli, DPM from New York. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is when arteries are constricted due to plaque (fatty deposits) build-up. This results in less blood flow to the legs and other extremities. The main cause of PAD is atherosclerosis, in which plaque builds up in the arteries.

Symptoms

Symptoms of PAD include:

  • Claudication (leg pain from walking)
  • Numbness in legs
  • Decrease in growth of leg hair and toenails
  • Paleness of the skin
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Sores and wounds on legs and feet that won’t heal
  • Coldness in one leg

It is important to note that a majority of individuals never show any symptoms of PAD.

Diagnosis

While PAD occurs in the legs and arteries, Podiatrists can diagnose PAD. Podiatrists utilize a test called an ankle-brachial index (ABI). An ABI test compares blood pressure in your arm to you ankle to see if any abnormality occurs. Ultrasound and imaging devices may also be used.

Treatment

Fortunately, lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy diet, exercising, managing cholesterol and blood sugar levels, and quitting smoking, can all treat PAD. Medications that prevent clots from occurring can be prescribed. Finally, in some cases, surgery may be recommended.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Williamsville, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

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