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March 2021

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is a condition in which there is reduced circulation to the lower limbs. This occurs due to a buildup of plaque in the arteries, which causes them to narrow and harden, impeding blood flow to the lower legs, ankles, and feet. Certain factors can increase your risk of developing PAD. These include having high cholesterol, high blood pressure, a family history of diabetes or cardiovascular disease, and obesity. Certain lifestyle factors, such as smoking and physical inactivity may also contribute to this disease. For more information about PAD, please consult with a podiatrist. 

Peripheral artery disease can pose a serious risk to your health. It can increase the risk of stroke and heart attack. If you have symptoms of peripheral artery disease, consult with Cynthia Ferrelli, DPM from New York. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is when arteries are constricted due to plaque (fatty deposits) build-up. This results in less blood flow to the legs and other extremities. The main cause of PAD is atherosclerosis, in which plaque builds up in the arteries.

Symptoms

Symptoms of PAD include:

  • Claudication (leg pain from walking)
  • Numbness in legs
  • Decrease in growth of leg hair and toenails
  • Paleness of the skin
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Sores and wounds on legs and feet that won’t heal
  • Coldness in one leg

It is important to note that a majority of individuals never show any symptoms of PAD.

Diagnosis

While PAD occurs in the legs and arteries, Podiatrists can diagnose PAD. Podiatrists utilize a test called an ankle-brachial index (ABI). An ABI test compares blood pressure in your arm to you ankle to see if any abnormality occurs. Ultrasound and imaging devices may also be used.

Treatment

Fortunately, lifestyle changes such as maintaining a healthy diet, exercising, managing cholesterol and blood sugar levels, and quitting smoking, can all treat PAD. Medications that prevent clots from occurring can be prescribed. Finally, in some cases, surgery may be recommended.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Williamsville, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Peripheral Artery Disease

Circulatory foot problems can cause pain, swelling, and mobility issues. Left untreated, poor circulation can lead to potentially life-threatening health complications. While circulatory issues are troublesome for anyone, poor circulation is particularly dangerous for senior citizens, who are more susceptible to developing it because of various deterioration to the body due to aging, as well as obesity, diabetes, and inactivity. If you or a senior citizen you love has cold, swollen, discolored, heavy, numb, or painful feet, or engorged or varicose veins, consult with a podiatrist right away. Prompt and proper medical attention can help manage poor circulation and slow or prevent the development of more serious conditions.

If you need your feet checked, contact Cynthia Ferrelli, DPM of New York. Our doctor will attend to all of your foot and ankle needs and provide you with quality treatment.

Geriatrics and Podiatry
When people age, some common issues that may occur are bone density loss, dry skin, poor circulation, and rough brittle nails. These issues may also affect your foot health if the necessary steps are not taken to alleviate the problems.

It is important to take care of your feet because feet that are injured or diseased can affect your overall health. Having painful feet hinders your ability to do daily activities or may decrease your willingness to do the things that you need to do.

Visiting Your Geriatrician
As we age, health problems become more likely, so it is essential to visit your doctor for check-ups to ensure that you are doing the best you can to take care of your health. It is recommended to check your feet frequently for any possible cuts, bruises, swelling, corns or any other irregularities. 

Taking Care of Elderly Feet
Cracked or dry feet can be treated by applying moisturizer often. It is also important not to wear old socks because the older the sock is, the higher the possibility there will be that there is bacteria there. Wear fresh socks and make sure they fit properly.

Proper foot health means that you can have a more active lifestyle and you will not be bogged down by pain. Foot health also leads to good circulation, which is paramount for overall health.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Williamsville, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Geriatrics and Podiatry
Sunday, 21 March 2021 00:00

Reminder: When Was the Last Time...?

Custom orthotics, or shoe inserts, should be periodically replaced. Orthotics must fit properly to give you the best results. Protect your feet and ankles!

Monday, 15 March 2021 00:00

Ingrown Toenail Treatments

Ingrown toenails occur when the edge of a nail grows into the surrounding skin instead of over it. This results in pain, tenderness, swelling, warmth, and redness of the skin surrounding the nail. In some cases, the area can become infected and produce drainage. Ingrown toenails can be treated at home by soaking the feet in warm water with Epsom salts several times per day and wearing open-toed and loose-fitting shoes. If symptoms do not improve with home treatment, a podiatrist can help by gently lifting the edge of the nail out from underneath the skin and placing sterile cotton under the nail. Sometimes surgery is required to treat the ingrown toenail. While using a local anesthetic, the doctor can cut away the portion of the nail that is ingrown. When ingrown toenails are infected, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection. If you have a painful ingrown toenail, consulting with a podiatrist is recommended.

Ingrown toenails can become painful if they are not treated properly. For more information about ingrown toenails, contact Cynthia Ferrelli, DPM of New York. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Ingrown Toenails

Ingrown toenails occur when a toenail grows sideways into the bed of the nail, causing pain, swelling, and possibly infection.

Causes

  • Bacterial infections
  • Improper nail cutting such as cutting it too short or not straight across
  • Trauma to the toe, such as stubbing, which causes the nail to grow back irregularly
  • Ill-fitting shoes that bunch the toes too close together
  • Genetic predisposition

Prevention

Because ingrown toenails are not something found outside of shoe-wearing cultures, going barefoot as often as possible will decrease the likeliness of developing ingrown toenails. Wearing proper fitting shoes and using proper cutting techniques will also help decrease your risk of developing ingrown toenails.

Treatment

Ingrown toenails are a very treatable foot condition. In minor cases, soaking the affected area in salt or antibacterial soaps will not only help with the ingrown nail itself, but also help prevent any infections from occurring. In more severe cases, surgery is an option. In either case, speaking to your podiatrist about this condition will help you get a better understanding of specific treatment options that are right for you.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Williamsville, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Ingrown Toenails
Monday, 08 March 2021 00:00

Why Do My Arches Hurt?

Pain in the arches on the bottom of the feet is a common problem that can have many different causes. Plantar fasciitis, an inflammation of the plantar fascia, can lead to arch pain due to overstretching and pulling on this ligament from repetitive activities like running and jumping. Arch pain may also result from abnormalities in your gait or walking pattern. Arch pain may be especially prevalent in people whose feet overpronate or roll too much inwards when they walk. Walking, standing, or running for prolonged periods of time, being overweight, or having tight Achilles tendons or calf muscles are other risk factors for developing arch pain. If you have pain in your feet, it is recommended that you consult with a podiatrist.

Foot Pain

Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with Cynthia Ferrelli, DPM from New York. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.

Causes

Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Bone Spurs
  • Corns
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
  • Flat Feet
  • Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
  • And more

Diagnosis

To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.

Treatment

Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Williamsville, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Foot Pain

Research has indicated it is common for people who are over sixty-five years old to fall, which can lead to serious foot conditions. There are numerous reasons why falling may occur in the household. These causes can include worn rugs on the steps and in the living area, poor lighting, and chronic medical ailments. Many seniors are inactive, which may cause a lack of strength in the body. Falling episodes may be prevented by performing daily stretches that can improve dexterity, balance, and muscle strength. Additionally, many patients find it beneficial to install grab bars in the shower and toilet area, and it may help to use a good bath mat to prevent slipping in the shower. If you would like more information about how falling can affect the feet, please consult with a podiatrist who can offer you fall prevention techniques.

Preventing falls among the elderly is very important. If you are older and have fallen or fear that you are prone to falling, consult with Cynthia Ferrelli, DPM from New York. Our doctor will assess your condition and provide you with quality advice and care.

Every 11 seconds, an elderly American is being treated in an emergency room for a fall related injury. Falls are the leading cause of head and hip injuries for those 65 and older. Due to decreases in strength, balance, senses, and lack of awareness, elderly persons are very susceptible to falling. Thankfully, there are a number of things older persons can do to prevent falls.

How to Prevent Falls

Some effective methods that older persons can do to prevent falls include:

  • Enrolling in strength and balance exercise program to increase balance and strength
  • Periodically having your sight and hearing checked
  • Discuss any medications you have with a doctor to see if it increases the risk of falling
  • Clearing the house of falling hazards and installing devices like grab bars and railings
  • Utilizing a walker or cane
  • Wearing shoes that provide good support and cushioning
  • Talking to family members about falling and increasing awareness

Falling can be a traumatic and embarrassing experience for elderly persons; this can make them less willing to leave the house, and less willing to talk to someone about their fears of falling. Doing such things, however, will increase the likelihood of tripping or losing one’s balance. Knowing the causes of falling and how to prevent them is the best way to mitigate the risk of serious injury.  

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact our office located in Williamsville, NY . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Falls Prevention
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